It is time to bite your nails again, it is a new mission to the red planet. As we approach 2020, the year the next rover will be launched, other missions are already reaching Mars for more information on the planet.
Now it’s the turn of Insight, NASA’s mission to investigate the interior of the planet; It is the first time that a device has been launched that will focus on analyzing and studying the Martian subsoil, so expectations are high. Until now, all missions have focused on the planet’s surface, just digging a few centimeters; but it is suspected that the planet still keeps important secrets under its crust.
The interior of Mars, a mystery
For this reason, the Insight mission is based on a fixed lander, which will not move from the place where it lands; It is equipped with all kinds of tools and instruments, with which you can reveal details about the geology of Mars. This is not only important to better understand our neighbor of the solar system; but also to bring to light the geological evolution process of a rocky planet.
NASA, one step closer to knowing the heart of Mars
You may think we already know a lot about a rocky planet: ours. However, although it is true that all rocky planets have similar origins, the interesting thing is how they evolve, and how they manage to be so different from each other. By knowing more about how Mars came to be as it is, we can learn more about our own planet.
The robot will detect data such as the thickness or density of the crust, mantle, and core of Mars; Measure seismic activity, if any, in addition to how the planet’s heat escapes into outer space.
How to follow the Insight landing live
The landing of the Insight isn’t exactly smooth. Enter the Martian atmosphere at almost 20,000 km / h, but it has several systems to reduce speed to a safe point. For starters, the device is protected by a heat shield; When you reach the correct height, deploy a 12 meter long parachute and activate the rockets.
That should be enough to slow down to 8 km / h, and to activate the last measure: legs capable of absorbing impact.
It is anticipated that the landing occurs today at 21:00 Madrid time. NASA has two different streams to follow the mission, one of them in 360.