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Perfect thief's disease

Perfect thief's disease

As you know, one of the first steps that the police follow when they get to the crime scene is the search forfingerprints they can give a clue about the responsible for the facts.

Sometimes it is complicated, since many criminals choose the use of gloves, rags or other ways to camouflage this personal brand that has been tattooed on the skin from our birth, but what if it were not necessary to resort to these tricks?

That is what happens to the very few people affected by a rare genetic condition known as adermatoglifia, which consists of the absence of the minimum fingerprint in the patient’s fingers.

What are fingerprints?

We used to call fingerprints to the series of rounded marks that we have on the finger tips, but the truth is that these are the papillary ridgeswhile the footprints are the impression which they give rise to as a result of blend of sweat and natural skin oil on any surface that is touched.

Although there is considerable controversy in this regard, the papillary ridge patternis consideredspecific to each individual, so all citizens must have their fingerprint registered in order to be able to identify us facing future legal processes.

Adermatoglyphia, a curious skin disorder

Although the vast majority of human beings we have these papillary ridges on our fingers, there are a few cases in the world of people affected by a skin disorder whose most curious manifestation is the total absence of this type of marks.

It’s about the adermatoglifia and it is so extremely rare that only a few people in the world affected by it are known. Yes, he genetic component It is more than clear if we take into account cases such as that of a Swiss family, of which even nine members they have it.

In fact, this family was part of a study, published in 2011 in the American Journal of Human Genetics, in which it was found that the mutated gene responsible for it was the so-calledSMARCAD1.

This gene has a very important role as regulator of other genes responsible for genetic development and is also associated with sweat gland formation, so if mutated, a series of genetic consequences which will lead to absence of fingerprints and, in addition, to a production of very little sweating.

It is not a serious disease, far from it; but, as you can imagine, it is a real nuisance to be done the DNI or the passport. That yes, to steal sure that it provides more than an advantage.

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